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Florida Sales Tax Rules
12A-15.005
12A-15.004
12A-15.0035
12A-15.003
Rule 12AER18-07
12A-15.002
12A-15.001
12A-1.108
12A-1.001
12A-1.0011
12A-1.0015
12A-1.002
12A-1.003
12A-1.004
12A-1.005
12A-1.006
12A-1.007
12A-1.0071
12A-1.008
12A-1.009
12A-1.0091
12A-1.0092
12A-1.010
12A-1.011
12A-1.0115
12A-1.012
12A-1.014
12A-1.0141
12A-1.0142
12A-1.0143
12A-1.0144
12A-1.015
12A-1.016
12A-1.0161
12A-1.017
12A-1.018
12A-1.020
12A-1.021
12A-1.0215
12A-1.022
12A-1.023
12A-1.024
12A-1.025
12A-1.027
12A-1.029
12A-1.032
12A-1.033
12A-1.034
12A-1.035
12A-1.036
12A-1.037
12A-1.0371
12A-1.038
12A-1.039
12A-1.040
12A-1.041
12A-1.042
12A-1.043
12A-1.044
12A-1.045
12A-1.047
12A-1.048
12A-1.049
12A-1.051
12A-1.053
12A-1.055
12A-1.056
12A-1.057
12A-1.059
12A-1.060
12A-1.061
12A-1.0615
12A-1.062
12A-1.063
12A-1.064
12A-1.0641
12A-1.065
12A-1.066
12A-1.067
12A-1.068
12A-1.070
12A-1.071
12A-1.072
12A-1.073
12A-1.074
12A-1.075
12A-1.076
12A-1.077
12A-1.080
12A-1.081
12A-1.085
12A-1.087
12A-1.089
12A-1.090
12A-1.091
12A-1.0911
12A-1.094
12A-1.096
12A-1.097
12A-1.103
12A-1.104
12A-1.105
12A-1.107


100 West Cypress Creek Road, Suite 930

Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309

Office (954) 761-3700

Fax (954) 761-1004

8875 Hidden river PKWY, Suite 230

Tampa, FL 33637

Office (813) 775-2131

Fax (866) 388-3029

3500 Financial Plaza, Suite 330

Tallahassee, FL 32312

Office (850) 250-3830

Fax (866) 388-3029

Florida Sales Tax Rules

12A-1.020 Licensed Practitioners; Drugs, Medical Products and Supplies.

(1) SCOPE.

(a) Section 212.08(2), F.S., provides an exemption for certain items used in the practice of medicine by hospitals and healthcare entities or by physicians, dentists, and other licensed practitioners. This rule is intended to clarify the application of tax to items sold to hospitals and healthcare entities or to physicians, dentists, and other licensed practitioners for use in their practice of medicine. This rule is also intended to clarify the exemption for chemical compounds and test kits, common household remedies, drugs, eyeglasses and lenses, medical gases, and medical products, supplies, and devices.

(b) Rule 12A-1.021, F.A.C. (Prosthetic and Orthopedic Appliances), is intended to clarify the exemption provided in Section 212.08(2), F.S., for prosthetic and orthopedic appliances.

(c) Rule 12A-1.0215, F.A.C. (Veterinary Sales and Services), is intended to clarify the application of tax to items used in the practice of veterinary medicine, for the exemptions provided for substances possessing curative or remedial properties, and for medical products, supplies, and devices used in the treatment of animals.

(2) LICENSED PRACTITIONERS.

(a) For purposes of this rule, a "licensed practitioner" is any person who is duly licensed and authorized by laws of the State of Florida to administer, prescribe, or dispense, as appropriate, a drug or device for medical purposes.

(b) Hospitals, healthcare entities, and licensed practitioners are required to pay tax at the time of purchase on taxable items or services used or consumed in providing medical services. See Rule 12A-1.038, F.A.C., for purchases by hospitals or healthcare entities that hold a valid Consumer's Certificate of Exemption issued by the Department.

(3) DRUGS.

(a) Drugs and medicinal drugs used in connection with medical treatment are exempt. The term "drug" or "medicinal drug" means those substances or preparations commonly known as "prescription" or "legend" drugs that are required by federal or state law to be dispensed only by a prescription.

(b) Opaque drugs, including X-ray opaques, and radiopaque, such as the various opaque dyes and barium sulphate, that are used in connection with medical X-rays for the treatment of human bodies are exempt.

(4) MEDICAL GASES.

(a) Compressed medical gases and medical oxygen in compliance with the provisions of Rule 61N-1.007, F.A.C., are exempt.

(b) The charge for filling or refilling tanks containing compressed air or nitrox to be used for scuba diving is subject to tax.

(5) COMMON HOUSEHOLD REMEDIES; COSMETICS; TOILET ARTICLES; HYGIENE PRODUCTS.

(a)1. Common household remedies recommended and generally sold for internal or external use in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of illness or disease in human beings, according to a list prescribed and approved by the Department of Health and certified to the Department of Revenue, are exempt. This list is contained in Form DR-46NT, Nontaxable Medical and General Grocery List (incorporated by reference in Rule 12A-1.097, F.A.C.).

2. Common household items that are not intended to cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent illness or disease in human beings are subject to tax. For example, disinfectants used for the sterilization of glass, containers, utensils, or equipment are subject to tax; products used for the purification of air or for deodorants are subject to tax; chlorine used for the treatment of water in swimming pools is subject to tax.

(b) The exemption provided for common household remedies does not include cosmetics or toilet articles, even when the cosmetic or toilet article contains medicinal ingredients. Cosmetics and toilet articles, including those that contain medicinal ingredients, are subject to tax, except when dispensed pursuant to a prescription written by a licensed practitioner.

1. For purposes of this rule, "cosmetics" means any article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance. The term includes articles intended for use as a compound of any such articles, such as cold creams, suntan products, makeup, and body lotions.

2. For purposes of this rule, "toilet articles" means any article advertised or held out for sale for grooming purposes and those articles which are customarily used for grooming purposes, regardless of the name by which they may be known, such as soaps, toothpastes, hair sprays, shaving products, colognes, perfumes, shampoos, deodorants, and mouthwashes.

(c) Personal hygiene products, except when dispensed pursuant to a prescription written by a licensed practitioner, are subject to tax.

(d) Contraceptive products, except when dispensed pursuant to a prescription written by a licensed practitioner, are subject to tax.

(e) Taxpayers who have a question regarding the taxable status of a product may submit a written description of the product, including the product name, ingredients, and recommended uses, to the Department. This request should be addressed to the Florida Department of Revenue, Technical Assistance and Dispute Resolution, Post Office Box 7443, Tallahassee, Florida 32314-7443.

(6) MEDICAL PRODUCTS, SUPPLIES, OR DEVICES.

(a) "Medical products, supplies, or devices" are any products, supplies, or devices that are intended or designed to be used for a medical purpose to treat, prevent, or diagnose human disease, illness, or injury. The purpose is assigned to a product, supply, or device by its label or its general instructions for use.

(b) Unless specifically exempt, products, supplies, or devices sold to hospitals and healthcare entities or to licensed practitioners are subject to tax. Examples of items that do not qualify for exemption are: absorbent cotton; gloves, gowns, uniforms, masks, drapes, or towels; infusion pumps; reusable knives, needles, or scissors; scales; ear syringes; tongue depressors; specimen bags; instruments, equipment, and machines and their parts and accessories; microscopes; examination tables; hospital beds; X-ray machines; X-ray films and developing solutions; computerized axial tomography (CAT) machines; and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines. This is not intended to be an exhaustive list.

(c)1. Medical products, supplies, or devices sold to hospitals, healthcare entities, or licensed practitioners are exempt when:

a. The medical product, supply, or device must be dispensed under federal or state law only by the prescription or order of a licensed practitioner; and

b. The medical product, supply, or device is intended for use on a single patient and is not intended to be reusable.

2. Medical trays and surgical or procedure kits containing medical products, supplies, or devices that are labeled to be dispensed only by the prescription or order of a licensed practitioner and are intended for use on a single patient are exempt, even when the medical tray or kit contains one or more items that, when sold separately, would be subject to tax.

3. No exemption certificate or Annual Resale Certificate is required to be obtained by the selling dealer from the purchasing hospital, healthcare entity, or licensed practitioner to document exempt sales of medical products, supplies, or devices that are labeled to be dispensed only by the prescription or order of a licensed practitioner. However, selling dealers are required to maintain documents in their records evidencing that the medical product, supply, or device sold to a hospital, healthcare entity, or licensed practitioner is labeled to be dispensed only by the prescription or order of a licensed practitioner.

(d)1. Medical products, supplies, and devices used in the cure, mitigation, alleviation, prevention, or treatment of injury, disease, or incapacity of a patient(s) that are temporarily or permanently incorporated into a patient(s) by a licensed practitioner are exempt.

2. A licensed practitioner, or an authorized representative of the licensed practitioner, may extend an exemption certificate to the selling dealer certifying that the purchased medical products, supplies, or devices will be temporarily or permanently incorporated into a patient(s) for the cure, mitigation, alleviation, prevention, or treatment of injury, disease, or incapacity of a patient(s). For example, a licensed dentist may purchase gold, silver, amalgam, or other dental restorative materials used for dental fillings exempt from tax by extending an exemption certificate to the supplier when those materials are not labeled "Rx only." A suggested exemption certificate is provided in subsection (11).

3. Any person that is not a licensed practitioner must register with the Department as a dealer, as provided in Rule 12A-1.060, F.A.C., to sell medical products, supplies, or devices in Florida. Registered dealers may purchase products, supplies, or devices for the purposes of resale, or materials to manufacture, compound, process, or fabricate such items for sale, by extending a copy of its Annual Resale Certificate to the selling dealer, as provided in Rule 12A-1.039, F.A.C.

4. No exemption certificate or Annual Resale Certificate is required to make purchases of medical products, supplies, or devices exempt from tax when:

a. The item is listed as an item exempt from tax in Form DR-46NT, Nontaxable Medical Items and General Grocery List; or,

b. The label of the medical product, supply, or device indicates that it must be dispensed under federal or state law by the prescription or order of a licensed practitioner and that it is intended for use on a single patient.

(e) Medical products, supplies, and devices are exempt when dispensed to a patient according to an individual prescription written by a licensed practitioner.

(7) CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS AND TEST KITS.

(a) The sale of chemical compounds and test kits used for the diagnosis or treatment of human disease, illness, or injury is exempt. The following is a nonexhaustive list of chemical compounds and test kits that are not subject to tax:

1. Allergy test kits that use human blood to test for the most common allergens;

2. Anemia meters and test kits;

3. Antibodies to Hepatitis C test kits;

4. Bilirubin test kits (blood or urine);

5. Blood analyzers, blood collection tubes, lancets, capillaries, test strips, tubes containing chemical compounds, and test kits to test human blood for levels of albumin, cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, glucose, ketones, or other detectors of illness, disease, or injury;

6. Blood sugar (glucose) test kits, reagent strips, test tapes, and other test kit refills;

7. Blood pressure monitors, kits, and parts;

8. Breast self-exam kit;

9. Fecal occult blood tests (colorectal tests);

10. Hemoglobin test kits;

11. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) test kits and systems;

12. Influenza AB test kits;

13. Middle ear monitor;

14. Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test kits;

15. Prothrombin (clotting factor) test kits;

16. Thermometers, for human use;

17. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) test kits;

18. Urinalysis test kits, reagent strips, tablets, and test tapes to test levels, such as albumin, blood, glucose, leukocytes, nitrite, pH, or protein levels, in human urine as detectors of illness, disease, or injury;

19. Urinary tract infection test kits; and

20. Vaginal acidity (pH) test kits.

(b) Chemical compounds and test kits that are not used to diagnose or treat human disease, illness, or injury are subject to tax. The following is a nonexhaustive list of chemical compounds and test kits that do not test for human illness, disease, or injury and are subject to tax:

1. Blood typing test kits for home use;

2. DNA tests (such as maternity tests, paternity tests, sibling ship tests, twin zygosity tests, ancestry testing, avuncular (grandparent, aunt, and uncle) tests, male lineage tests, or article tests);

3. Drug and alcohol (including nicotine) test kits;

4. Ethanol breathalyzer tests (alcohol intoxification);

5. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) test kits;

6. Hazard chemicals detection kits:

7. Male fertility (semen analysis) test kits;

8. Menopause monitors and test kits;

9. Ovulation/leutinizing hormone (LH) test kits;

10. Personal wellness or body balance check test kits, such as those to measure hormone levels, cortisol levels, melatonin levels, mineral levels, or antioxidant levels; and

11. Pregnancy test kits.

(8) PRESCRIBED PARTS AND ATTACHMENTS.

(a) Parts, special attachments, special lettering, and other like items that are added to or attached to tangible personal property to assist a person with special needs are exempt when purchased pursuant to an individual prescription. When purchased without an individual prescription, these items are subject to tax. For example, items installed on motor vehicles to make them adaptable for use by persons with special needs, such as special controls, purchased pursuant to a written prescription are exempt; however, the motor vehicle and the standard or optional equipment available on the motor vehicle are subject to tax.

(b) If tangible personal property is sold with special controls, lettering, or devices, and the additional charge for the added features is separately stated on the sales invoice for the tangible personal property, that charge for the added features is exempt when purchased pursuant to an individual prescription.

(9) ORTHOPEDIC, THERAPEUTIC, OR CORRECTIVE SHOES.

(a) Orthopedic shoes made to specifications prescribed by a podiatrist, orthopedist, or other licensed practitioner for the purpose of treating or preventing illness or disease, or to correct physical incapacity are exempt. Therapeutic shoes and inserts prescribed by a licensed practitioner for purposes of treating diabetic foot disease and provided by a podiatrist, orthotist, prosthetist, or pedorthist are exempt.

(b) Shoes made to order for special fitting problems, such as narrow or large feet, are subject to tax.

(c) When a shoe is modified to specifications prescribed by a podiatrist, orthopedist, or other physician by the insertion of a lift, a wedge, or an arch support for the purpose of treating or preventing illness or disease, or to correct physical incapacity, the charge for the shoe is subject to tax. However, any reasonable separately stated charge for the modification is exempt. If no separate charge is made for the modification, the entire charge is subject to tax.

(d) When a shoe is modified for a more comfortable fit (e.g., heel pad inserted or insole added), for improving the style, or for similar purposes, the total charge for the modification and the shoe is subject to tax.

(10) EYEGLASSES AND LENSES.

(a) Prescription eyeglasses, incidental items, and items that become a part of prescription eyeglasses are exempt. Prescription eyeglasses include lenses, including contact lenses, prescribed for the correction of a patient's refractive effort, for the improvement of a patient's vision, or for protective purposes. Incidental items include frames, component parts, carrying cases, contact lens cases, and other similar items.

(b) The sale of eyeglass lens cleaning solutions, contact lens cleaning solutions, and contact lens disinfectants are subject to tax.

(c) The sale of standard or stock eyeglasses, incidental items, or items that become a part of standard or stock eyeglasses, without a prescription, is subject to tax. Some examples are: frames and component parts, carrying cases, safety glasses, sunglasses, field glasses, opera glasses, and magnifying glasses.

(d) When the purchaser of one-time items that transfer essential optical characteristics to contact lenses has paid at least $100,000 in tax (sales tax, plus discretionary sales surtax) in any calendar year on such purchases, the purchaser is exempt from tax on purchases of such items for the remainder of that calendar year. Purchasers who hold a valid Sales and Use Tax Direct Pay Permit issued by the Department may make purchases of these items exempt from tax when:

1. The purchaser extends a copy of a valid Sales and Use Tax Direct Pay Permit, as provided in Rule 12A-1.0911, F.A.C., to the selling dealer at the time of purchase; and

2. The purchaser pays to the Department each calendar year $100,000 in tax due on purchases of one-time items that transfer essential optical characteristics to contact lenses during the calendar year.

(11) SUGGESTED EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE; RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS.

(a) The following is a suggested exemption certificate to be issued to purchase qualified medical products, supplies, or devices exempt from tax at the time of purchase:

EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE

MEDICAL PRODUCTS, SUPPLIES, DEVICES, OR MATERIALS

I, the undersigned individual, as a practitioner licensed in the State of Florida, or an authorized representative of a licensed practitioner, certify that the medical products, supplies, devices, or other materials purchased on or after________(date) from _________________(Selling Dealer's Business Name): ____________________________________________________________

(Check the use that qualifies the product, supply, device, or material for exemption)

( ) Meet the definition of a medical product, supply, or device and will be dispensed by a licensed practitioner.

( ) Will be used in the cure, mitigation, alleviation, prevention, or treatment of injury, disease, or incapacity of a patient and will be temporarily or permanently incorporated into a patient(s) by a licensed practitioner.

I understand that if I use the medical product, supply, device, or other materials for any nonexempt purpose, I must pay tax on the purchase price of the item directly to the Department of Revenue.

I understand that if I fraudulently issue this certificate to evade the payment of sales tax, I will be liable for payment of the sales tax plus a penalty of 200% of the tax and may be subject to conviction of a third degree felony.

Under the penalties of perjury, I declare that I have read the foregoing Certificate and that the facts stated herein are true.

Name of Licensed Practitioner: _____________________________________________

Florida License Number:_____________________________________________________________ Address: ____________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Name of Authorized Representative: ________________________________________________________________________

(Signature of Licensed Practitioner or Authorized Representative)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Title

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Date

(b) The selling dealer is only required to obtain one certificate for sales made for the purposes indicated on the certificate and is not required to obtain an exemption certificate for subsequent sales made to the same licensed practitioner or authorized representative. The selling dealer must maintain the required exemption certificates in its books and records until tax imposed by Chapter 212, F.S., may no longer be determined and assessed under Section 95.091(3), F.S.

(c) Dealers must maintain copies of exemption certificates, Annual Resale Certificates, prescriptions, and any other documentation required under the provisions of this rule until tax imposed by Chapter 212, F.S., may no longer be determined and assessed under Section 95.091(3), F.S.

(d) Electronic storage by the selling dealer of the required certificates, prescriptions, and other documentation will be sufficient compliance with the provisions of this subsection.

Rulemaking Authority 212.08(2)(a), 212.17(6), 212.18(2), 213.06(1) FS. Law Implemented 95.091(3), 212.08(2), 212.085, 212.12(6)(a), 213.37, 465.186, 465.187 FS. History–Revised 10-7-68, Amended 1-17-71, Revised 6-16-72, Amended 5-27-75, 5-10-77, 6-26-78, 2-26-79, 6-3-80, 12-31-81, 8-28-84, Formerly 12A-1.20, Amended 12-8-87, 7-12-10.

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