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Florida Sales Tax Rules
12A-15.005
12A-15.004
12A-15.0035
12A-15.003
Rule 12AER18-07
12A-15.002
12A-15.001
12A-1.108
12A-1.001
12A-1.0011
12A-1.0015
12A-1.002
12A-1.003
12A-1.004
12A-1.005
12A-1.006
12A-1.007
12A-1.0071
12A-1.008
12A-1.009
12A-1.0091
12A-1.0092
12A-1.010
12A-1.011
12A-1.0115
12A-1.012
12A-1.014
12A-1.0141
12A-1.0142
12A-1.0143
12A-1.0144
12A-1.015
12A-1.016
12A-1.0161
12A-1.017
12A-1.018
12A-1.020
12A-1.021
12A-1.0215
12A-1.022
12A-1.023
12A-1.024
12A-1.025
12A-1.027
12A-1.029
12A-1.032
12A-1.033
12A-1.034
12A-1.035
12A-1.036
12A-1.037
12A-1.0371
12A-1.038
12A-1.039
12A-1.040
12A-1.041
12A-1.042
12A-1.043
12A-1.044
12A-1.045
12A-1.047
12A-1.048
12A-1.049
12A-1.051
12A-1.053
12A-1.055
12A-1.056
12A-1.057
12A-1.059
12A-1.060
12A-1.061
12A-1.0615
12A-1.062
12A-1.063
12A-1.064
12A-1.0641
12A-1.065
12A-1.066
12A-1.067
12A-1.068
12A-1.070
12A-1.071
12A-1.072
12A-1.073
12A-1.074
12A-1.075
12A-1.076
12A-1.077
12A-1.080
12A-1.081
12A-1.085
12A-1.087
12A-1.089
12A-1.090
12A-1.091
12A-1.0911
12A-1.094
12A-1.096
12A-1.097
12A-1.103
12A-1.104
12A-1.105
12A-1.107


100 West Cypress Creek Road, Suite 930

Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309

Office (954) 761-3700

Fax (954) 761-1004

8875 Hidden river PKWY, Suite 230

Tampa, FL 33637

Office (813) 775-2131

Fax (866) 388-3029

3500 Financial Plaza, Suite 330

Tallahassee, FL 32312

Office (850) 250-3830

Fax (866) 388-3029

Florida Sales Tax Rules

12A-1.040 Containers and Other Packaging Materials; Gift Wrapping.

(1) SCOPE. This rule provides when items intended to accompany a product for sale are not subject to tax. Materials, containers, labels, sacks, bags, or similar items intended to accompany a product for sale are not subject to tax under the requirements provided in Section 212.02(14)(c), F.S., as outlined below.

(2) MATERIALS USED FOR PACKAGING PROPERTY FOR SALE.

(a) The sale, use, storage, or consumption of materials, containers, labels, sacks, bags, or similar items that are intended to accompany a product sold to a customer and to be used one time only for packaging tangible personal property for sale is not subject to tax when:

1. Delivery of the product would be impracticable because of the character of the contents; or

2. Such items are used for the convenience of the customer.

(b) The sale, use, storage, or consumption of materials, containers, labels, sacks, bags, or similar items used for packaging in the process of providing a service subject to tax under Chapter 212, F.S., is not subject to tax.

(c) Dealers who are registered with the Department may purchase materials, containers, labels, sacks, bags, or similar items intended to be used in the manner provided in paragraph (a) or (b) tax-exempt by issuing a copy of the dealer's Annual Resale Certificate to the selling dealer at the time of purchase, as provided in Rule 12A-1.039, F.A.C. Persons who are not required to register with the Department as a dealer under Section 212.18(3), F.S., must extend an exemption certificate to purchase such items tax-exempt. A suggested exemption certificate is provided in subsection (5) of Rule 12A-1.038, F.A.C.

(d) The following is a nonexhaustive list of materials that, when used as provided in paragraph (a) or (b), are not subject to tax:

1. Containers, such as bags, barrels, baskets, bottles, boxes, cans, carboys, cartons, cases, crates, cylinders, drums, kegs, pallets, racks, reels, sacks, skids, or spools.

2. Items used inside containers and packages to shape, stabilize, and protect the contents of the packaged tangible personal property, such as bubble wrap, excelsior, preservative materials, wax paper, wrapping papers, or waste paper.

3. Materials used to close or otherwise secure the containers, such as binding materials, carboys, cartons, cellophane, coating materials, cores, crates, glue, gummed tape, staples, strapping, string, tape, twine, wrapping paper, wire, or wire bands.

4. Materials used to provide instructions regarding the shipping of the container, such as gummed labels or tags.

(e) The sale, purchase, use, storage, or consumption of dunnage is subject to tax at the time of purchase. Dunnage is not delivered to the purchaser with the package and its contents, and it is retained by the transporter or shipper. "Dunnage" includes items that are used by the transporter or shipper under, outside, and between packages to protect the packages and their contents from damage, motion, shock, or breakage while being transported or delivered to the purchaser. Examples of dunnage are blocks, lumber, and other materials used for bracing, blocking, skidding, shoring, holding, or protecting cargo during transport.

(f) Examples:

1. Toothpaste may be sold at retail in a tube enclosed in a box. The tube of toothpaste is placed in a box that will accompany the toothpaste when sold to the consumer. Multiple units of boxes are placed in shipping containers by the manufacturer. Labels are placed on the shipping containers identifying the product and providing shipping instructions. The manufacturer then places the labeled boxes on a pallet and covers them with shrink-wrap for shipment. The pallets are not returnable to the manufacturer when the toothpaste arrives at its destination. The toothpaste manufacturer may purchase the tubing materials, boxes, shipping containers, labels, pallets, and shrink-wrap tax-exempt.

2. Coat hangers and garment covers that are delivered with the clothing to the purchaser are packaging materials that accompany the product sold to the customer. However, coat hangers and garment covers used on display racks in stores that are retained by the store do not accompany the clothing to the customer are subject to tax.

(3) PACKAGING MATERIALS USED WHEN NO TANGIBLE PERSONAL PROPERTY IS SOLD. The purchase of materials, containers, labels, sacks, bags, or similar items is subject to tax when purchased by any person who does not sell tangible personal property to its customers. For example, bags, boxes, hangers, wrapping paper, and twine purchased for use by a laundry, dry cleaner, or any other person not selling tangible personal property are subject to tax.

(4) MATERIALS USED FOR FURNISHING OR SERVING FOOD PRODUCTS OR BEVERAGES.

(a) Materials, containers, labels, sacks, bags, or similar items that accompany a food product or drink sold to a customer and are used one time only for packaging the food product or for the convenience of the customer are not subject to tax. The following is a nonexhaustive list of such items:

1. Bags for bread or produce; bag ties; egg cartons or crates; cardboard 6-pack and 12-pack lift cartons; skewers; ice, dry ice, and salt placed directly into the packaging container of perishable food; oil used to line the inside of meat packaging containers;

2. Paper, plastic, plastic-coated, styrofoam bags, boxes, bowls, cups, dividers, liners, lids, plates, platters, trays, and other similar food and beverage containers;

3. Aluminum foil served with food products; butter chips; single-use baking dishes; steak markers, toothpicks, toothpick frills, film wrap; disposable utensils, straws, stirrers, napkins, leftover bags, boxes, or other containers.

(b) Cups, straws, plastic stirrers, and similar items used to provide beverages or other food products free to customers are subject to tax. Such items are not used for furnishing or service food products or beverages for sale.

(5) LABELS, TAGS, AND INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS.

(a)1. Labels, tags, and name plates, including the printing of these items, are not subject to tax when they remain affixed to tangible personal property offered for sale or affixed to the container containing tangible personal property prepared for shipment or delivery and:

a. Furnishes information as to the nature, quantity, maker, price, size, operation, or maintenance of the tangible personal property for sale; or

b. Furnishes information as to the destination or the carrying instructions for the package during shipment.

2. For example, shipping labels used on packages of tangible personal property purchased by customers containing a customer's name and address or carrying instructions, such as "Do Not Crush," "This Side Up," or "Fragile," are exempt.

(b) Bar codes and labels containing bar codes that are placed on packages by, or on behalf of, the transporter or shipper for purposes of tracking the movement of the package in transit are subject to tax.

(c) Labels, tags, and name plates that do not accompany tangible personal property for sale are subject to tax. For example, labels sold to businesses to be placed on their shelves or display racks are subject to tax.

(d) Price tags that accompany tangible personal property when sold to the retail consumer are exempt. Price tags retained by a retail merchant are subject to tax. Price tags attached to merchandise offered for sale that are removed from the merchandise and retained by the seller at the time of sale are subject to tax.

(e) Direction sheets, instruction books, pamphlets, or manuals that accompany a product to the final consumer and provide instructions on how to assemble, use, or care for the product are exempt. Technical manuals that do not accompany the product to the final consumer are subject to tax.

(f) Brochures, catalogs, price lists, point-of-sale advertising that accompany products being sold to advertise other products for sale, and displays and display containers used to display items for sale are not materials used for packaging tangible personal property for sale and are subject to tax.

(6) DEPOSITS FOR REUSABLE CONTAINERS.

(a)1. Deposits charged for reusable containers, such as barrels, drums, kegs, pallets, or spools, that are to be returned by the purchaser to the selling dealer upon removal of the contents from the container are not subject to tax when:

a. The amount of the deposit is separately itemized on the purchaser's bill, invoice, or other tangible evidence of sale;

b. The total amount of the deposit is refunded to the purchaser when the container is returned to the selling dealer;

c. Title to the container is retained by the selling dealer;

d. The container is used only to contain the tangible personal property sold to the purchaser while in the process of delivery or conveyance to the purchaser; and

e. The selling dealer retains records to identify which customers are holding the containers and which customers have returned the containers.

2. Example: A manufacturer ships its products to purchasers on pallets. The contents of the shipment are secured to the pallets by wire banding. The pallets are designed by the manufacturer to be used for more than one shipment, bear the name of the manufacturer, and are assigned an inventory number. When the manufacturer ships merchandise to a customer, a deposit is separately itemized on the customer's invoice to assure the return of the identified pallets. The separately itemized deposit is not subject to tax. The purchase or fabrication of the pallets by the manufacturer is subject to tax.

(b) See Rule 12A-1.087, F.A.C., for tax-exempt portable containers, or moveable receptacles in which portable containers are placed, when used for harvesting or processing farm products.

(7) CHARGES FOR PACKAGING MATERIALS. When charges for packaging materials are separately itemized from the sales price of tangible personal property on the customer's bill, invoice, or other tangible evidence of sale, the charge for packaging materials is a part of the sales price of the tangible personal property.

(8) GIFT WRAPPING.

(a) The total charge for gift wrapping merchandise is subject to tax, whether charged by the seller of the merchandise or by any other person. Materials, such as paper, ribbon, bows, or tape, used in gift wrapping merchandise may be purchased tax-exempt by a dealer registered with the Department. The purchasing dealer is required to issue a copy of the dealer's Annual Resale Certificate to the selling dealer at the time of purchase, as provided in Rule 12A-1.039, F.A.C.

(b) Tax is due on the materials used by the dealer in gift wrapping merchandise at no charge to the customer.

Rulemaking Authority 212.17(6), 212.18(2), 213.06(1) FS. Law Implemented 212.02(14)(b), (c),(15), (16), (18)-(21), 212.05(1)(b), 212.06(1)(a), 212.07(1)(b), 212.08(7)(v), 212.18(3) FS. History–Revised 10-7-68, 6-16-72, Formerly 12A-1.40, Amended 6-1-09.

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