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Sales and Use Tax TAA 19A-001 Admissions


TAX: Sales and Use Tax
ISSUE: Admissions
STATUTE CITE(S): Section(s) 212.02(1) and 212.04, F.S.
RULE CITE(S): Rule 12A-1.005(4)(d)3., F.A.C.

QUESTION: Are certain mandatory assessment payments made by members of a homeowners’ association to the homeowners’ association subject to the sales tax on admissions when the payments are made as a condition to ownership of real property governed by the association, and the club facilities are common areas owned by the association?

ANSWER: No, so long as the criteria provided by Rule 12A-1.005(4)(d)3., F.A.C., are satisfied. Mandatory assessments paid by homeowners’ association members to the homeowners’ association that are required to be paid as a condition to ownership or occupancy of real property, and are paid for maintenance of club facilities, are part of the common areas owned by the association, and are for the use of all members are not subject to the sales tax imposed by s. 212.04, F.S. The optional payments made by the members regarding use of facilities are subject to sales tax.

January 16, 2019


Technical Assistance Advisement (“TAA”)
TAA 19A‐001
AMS#: 7000131133
Sales and Use Tax‐Admissions

Section(s) 212.02(1) and 212.04, Florida Statutes (“F.S.”)
Rule(s) 12A‐1.005(4), Florida Administrative Code (“F.A.C.”)

XXXXXXXXXXXXXX (“Petitioner”)(“Club”)
Business Partner Number: XXXXXXXX

Business Partner Number: XXXXXXXX



This letter is a response to your petition dated November 2, 2018, for the Department’s issuance of a Technical Assistance Advisement (“TAA”) to Petitioner, regarding member assessments. Your petition has been carefully examined, and the Department finds it to be in compliance with the requisite criteria set forth in Rule Chapter 12‐11, F.A.C. This response to your request constitutes a TAA and is issued to you under the authority of section 213.22, F.S.


Club and Association are member‐owned not‐for‐profit Florida corporations. Club and Association plan to merge into one corporation, with Association being the surviving legal entity. Petitioner provided the proposed Amended Articles of Incorporation (‘Articles”), proposed Amended Declaration of Covenants and Restrictions (“Declaration”), and the proposed Amended By‐Laws (“By‐Laws”) for Association. Association is licensed by the State of Florida as a homeowners’ association. Club and Association are in Community, which is a XXXXXXXXX. There are XXXXX residential units in Association.

Club has a golf course, tennis courts, a clubhouse, physical fitness facilities, spa, restaurants, and other recreational facilities. The residential units in Community will be governed by Declaration. The Declaration provides an easement to the unit owners for use of the common areas, including the property obtained from Club.

The owners of residential units in Community are required to be Association members. XXXXXXX (XXXX) members of Association are not members of Club. The XX members are referred to as Grandfathered Members. Grandfathered Members are not allowed to use Club’s facilities, and will not be able to use Club’s facilities after the merger. After the merger, when the unit owned by a Grandfathered Member is sold to a new purchaser, the new purchaser will not be able to be a Grandfathered Member in Association.

XXXXXXXXXX (XX) members of Club are non‐equity members of Club. The XX non‐equity members are not members of Association. Club has XXXX Full Members, XXX Sports Members, and XX Tennis Members. The Full, Sports, and Tennis Members are equity members in Club.

The use rights vary for the equity members in Club. Tennis Members have no use rights to the golf course. Sports Members have more restrictions on the use rights to the golf course and tennis facilities than Full Members. After the merger, the Full, Tennis, and Sports Members of Club will have the same use rights in Association owned property received from Club as the member had in Club facilities before the merger.

After the merger, all purchasers of a residential units in Community after the merger date will be required to be a Full Member of Association. After the merger, the purchaser will be required to pay a capital contribution for the equitable interest obtained in Association, for and all annual and special assessments. After the merger, the Full, Sports, Tennis, and Grandfathered Members will have the same varied use rights in the Club property owned by Association as the Full, Sports, Tennis, and Grandfathered Members had prior to the merger.

After the merger, Association will allow some former residential owners in Community to continue to retain use rights of the facilities previously owned by Club for a reduced assessment payment. After the merger, there will be one non‐residential member who will pay annual fees.

After the merger, the property obtained from Club by Association will be owned by Association as common areas for use by Association members. Residential unit owners will obtain an easement in the common areas. After the merger, Association will issue mandatory annual assessments to all Association members to pay for Association’s budgeted costs. The annual assessment amount will vary depending on type of membership but will be on a pro rata basis for members within a given membership class. Association will levy a lien on the residential unit property for unpaid amounts related to assessments, dues, or fees. Association may levy special (operating and capital) assessments against members due to budget shortfalls and to fund capital reserves. These assessments are levied against members in a similar proportional manner as with the annual assessments.


Whether the assessments and fees are subject to sales tax?

Law and Discussion Section

212.04, F.S., provides that sales tax must be collected by a person on the amount received from the sale of admissions. Section 212.02(1), F.S., provides that dues and fees payments to a private club or membership club are admissions. Rule 12A‐1.005(4)(d)3., F.A.C., provides the following:

Fees paid to private clubs or membership clubs that do not entitle the payor to the use of the club’s recreational or physical fitness facilities are not subject to tax. Examples of such fees are:

3. Mandatory dues and fees paid to a condominium association, homeowners’ association, or cooperative association when they are required to be paid as a condition of ownership or occupancy of real property and the club facilities are part of the common elements or common areas of the real property.

As provided by Rule 12A‐1.005(4)(d)3., F.A.C., mandatory assessments paid by the Full, Sports, and Tennis Members, will not be subject to sales tax so long as the payments are made as a condition of ownership of the real property in Community, and the club facilities are Association common areas for use of the Association members. Based on the information provided, the annual assessments that will be paid by residential owners of Community who are Full Members, Tennis Members, and Sports Members will qualify for the exemption provided by Rule 12‐1.005(4)(d)3., F.A.C. The exemption does not apply to annual assessments or annual dues paid by members that do not own property within Community because payment of the assessment is not made as a condition of ownership.

Capital contributions made by a residential owner of Community to obtain the membership that is an equitable ownership interest is not subject to sales tax as provided by 12A‐ 1.005(4)(a)1.a., and (4)(a)2.d., F.A.C.

Since Petitioner provided only general information regarding specific future capital expenditures, and operating assessments, the Department will not provide a detailed response regarding special assessments that may be levied by Association. In regard to the special assessments used for capital reserves (capital assessment), the exemption provided by Rule 12A‐1.005(4)(a)1.a., and (4)(a)2.d., F.A.C., for capital assessments may be satisfied so long as all criteria are satisfied. So long as the operating assessments are levied similarly to the annual assessment, then taxation of the operating assessment will be the same depending on the class of membership.

Sales tax must be collected on all other optional memberships, or user fees or dues received after the merger.


Association is not required to collect sales tax on annual assessments levied against Association members who are residential owners in Community for Full, Sports, Tennis, and Grandfathered Members for use of common areas.

Sales tax must be collected by Association on annual assessments, annual fees, and dues against Association members who are not residential owners in Community. Association is not required to collect sales tax on capital contributions by equity members for the purchase of an equitable ownership interest in Association. Sales tax must be collected on all other optional user fee charges.

This response constitutes a Technical Assistance Advisement under section 213.22, F.S., which is binding on the Department only under the facts and circumstances described in the request for this advice, as specified in section 213.22, F.S. Our response is predicated on those facts and the specific situation summarized above. You are advised that subsequent statutory or administrative rule changes, or judicial interpretations of the statutes or rules, upon which this advice is based, may subject similar future transactions to a different treatment than expressed in this response.

You are further advised that this response, your request and related backup documents are public records under Chapter 119, F.S., and are subject to disclosure to the public under the conditions of section 213.22, F.S. Confidential information must be deleted before public disclosure. In an effort to protect confidentiality, we request you provide the undersigned with an edited copy of your request for Technical Assistance Advisement, the backup material and this response, deleting names, addresses and any other details which might lead to identification of the taxpayer. Your response should be received by the Department within 10 days of the date of this letter.


Chuck Wallace
Chuck Wallace Technical Assistance & Dispute Resolution
(850) 717‐7541

AMS #: 7000131133


  • FL Dept. of Revenue
  • ABA
  • FL State Bar

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